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PATIENT EDUCATION

ROOT CANAL TREATMENT



 
 

What is root canal treatment (RCT)?
Root canal treatment, or endodontic treatment, is a dental procedure in which the diseased or damaged pulp (nerve) of a tooth is removed and the root canals are filled with inert material (gutta purcha). Later the tooth is filled.
 CROWN / CAP should be given to root canal treated tooth as it becomes brittle.
When should I get the RCT done?

  1. When the tooth is broken down due to caries or accident
  2. When there is severe pain in the tooth
  3. When somebody have sleepless night due to tooth pain
  4. When there is big filling in tooth & is coming out of tooth frequently
  5. When there is sensitivity to hot /cold & the pain lasts longer
  6. When the tooth pain is severe & not relieved by painkiller medicines.
  7. When there is pain while biting teeth
  8. When there is swelling & pus discharge in the gums above the tooth
  9. When tooth is discolored due to long standing infection/trauma

 What to expect?
There can be soreness in the tooth for 1 week after root canal treatment
There can be mild discomfort while biting with the tooth for 1 week to 10 days
AVOID CHEWING HARD FOOD OVER ROOT CANAL TREATED TEETH TILL CROWN / CAPPING OF TOOTH DONE

Is CROWN OR CAPPING of tooth necessary after root canal treatment?
RCT involves removal of pulp ( blood vessels) of tooth, so the tooth no longer remains alive.
This makes the tooth brittle & more prone to fracture. Also we use the tooth for chewing food as before RCT. So the tooth has to be protected with crown to prevent it’s fracture.
What is post & core?
Post & core involves placement of metallic or fiber post (rod like) inside the root of tooth & the lost portion tooth is build.
Post & core is required in those tooth which is grossly decayed or fracture at or just above the gum level or more than two walls of tooth crown  is damaged.
Post & core should always be followed by crown placement over the tooth

Couldn’t I just have the tooth removed?
You could get it removed, but then adjacent teeth may shift and interfere with biting and   chewing. There is no real substitute for your own natural tooth, which can be saved with is more efficient in chewing and biting than an artificial one.

COSMETIC DENTAL FILLING/ COMPOSITE FILLING
 
DENTAL CROWNS AND BRIDGES
Dental Crown
Crowns / caps restore damaged teeth and is similar to the shape, size and color of the surrounding teeth. They are given to protect teeth that have been filled by root-canal treatment and to cover poorly shaped or discolored teeth. Crowns may be made of metal, porcelain or metal free ceramics.
The teeth to be crowned are prepared which involves reduction of the tooth size followed by an impression of the prepared tooth. The mould is then sent to a laboratory to fabricate the crown. Then crown is then fixed onto the prepared tooth.
Metal free crowns (eg. Lava) comes with upto 15 yr. warranty..

Dental Bridges
A bridge replaces one or more missing teeth by taking support of the adjacent teeth. Bridges prevent the surrounding teeth from moving or shifting in the empty space created by mouth.
Bridges are fixed and patients need not remove them.
The missing tooth is replaced with an artificial tooth connected between two crowns (caps), which are permanently cemented or bonded on the adjacent teeth.

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DENTAL IMPLANTS
Who can get dental implants done?
Most Adults with good to moderate health
Implants  has been used successfully in patients with systemic conditions like heart disease, diabetes, hypertension and patients with chronic smoking and alcoholic habits but with limitations.
Advantages of implants over crowns or Bridges
Implants can also be used to replace single teeth to several teeth.
It eliminates the need to grind down healthy adjacent teeth to serve as posts/pillars for traditional Crown & Bridge therapy.

Attractive appearance
Good chewing function
Prevents bone loss
Treatment options

                                                                                           

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Single Tooth Replacement
     
Multiple Tooth Replacement
 
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Implant-supported denture 
 
Implant-supported complete teeth set

Treatment steps
The implants are placed in the bone below the gum tissue. Like single tooth replacement, temporary abutments may be placed on the implants until the healing phase is complete.
After healing, the abutments are attached to the implants. They will hold a custom-made bridge that the dental laboratory will mold and match to your existing teeth.
In the final step, the custom bridge is cemented onto the abutments. The teeth have been replaced without disturbing the healthy teeth next to them, and bone loss has been greatly reduced.

Frequently Asked Questions about implants
Q.1.  Is the implant placement painful?
Ans:  No, it is done under local anesthesia. Your dentist will prescribe medication to alleviate any pain you may have.
Q.2.  How long does it take to place dental implants?
Ans: Usually 30-60 minutes, depending on the location and the number of implants.
Q.3.  How long does placement, healing and construction of the replacement teeth take?
Ans:  The entire process usually takes from 2 to 3 months, depending on your treatment plan.
Q.4.  How long does an implant last?
Ans:  If your body accepts the implant, it should last many years if cared for properly. Many implants have been in place for more than 10-15 years*.
Q.5.  If my body rejects an implant, what happens?
Ans:  The implant is removed and the site is allowed to heal.  Another implant can usually be placed after healing.

BRACES (ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT)
During first visit the patient is examined clinically by Orthodontist and records like plaster models of the teeth are made. Before appointment with the orthodontist it is better for the patient to get X-rays of jaw as advised by the general dentist which gives an edge to understand the treatment plan explained by the orthodontist.

orthodontic treatements

Braces are the most efficient and accurate way of moving teeth. Fitting the braces usually involves two visits. Braces remain on the teeth for the entire duration of treatment. Patients then attend approximately once in a month for adjustments, wire changes etc. Orthodontic treatment usually takes 12 - 24 months.
At the completion of the active part of treatment, the braces are removed and retainers are fitted to hold the teeth steady in their new position. These appliances may be removable plates or wires fitted behind the teeth.

BLEACHING

It brightens teeth that are discolored, stained or have been darkened because of INJURY or PAN MASALA / SMOKING. There are two types of tooth stains:
Internal stains: This means the stain occurs from within the tooth due to injury which are corrected by internal bleaching / root canal treatment.
External stains: This is staining of the tooth surface by cigarettes, cigars, paan masala, coffee, tea, or foods that contain a lot of spices. This type of staining can sometimes be removed by professional / home bleaching.
Occasionally people experience temporary discomfort during the bleaching treatment, such as tooth sensitivity. These symptoms are transient & disappear within one to three days after completion of the treatment with the use of anti-sensitivity toothpaste.

 

COSMETIC SMILE DESIGNING
Cosmetic dentistry is an area of dentistry that seeks to create a more aesthetically pleasing smile. Cosmetic Dentist can whiten teeth, replace missing teeth, and repair chipped teeth through a variety of cosmetic dentistry options like veneers, dental implants, dental crowns, and bridges.

Diastema Closure

Gap between teeth can be cosmetically closed

Cosmetic Repositioning of irregular teeth

It is done to correct irregular teeth in correct position with the help of veneers or crowns within a week. This procedure is helpful for the patients who either cannot wear braces or cannot keep the braces for a period of 1 yr or more.

Porcelain Veneers

 

 
A porcelain veneer is a thin shell of porcelain that is bonded onto the front surface of a tooth so to improve its cosmetic appearance.

Restoring your smile back or full mouth rehabilitation

     
Closure of generalized spacing  
     
  

GUM SURGERY

Scaling / tooth cleaning / oral prophylaxis

Root coverage with Connective Tissue graft

DENTAL JWELLARY

Teeth jewellery is a brilliant way to add sparkles to your smile and stand out of the crowd. A dentist fixes a jewel on the tooth surface. The jewel does not damage tooth tissues and has no side. It is fashion statement to stand out among the crowd.

Teeth jewellery (skyce)

 

 

 

 
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